Food waste: potential bioresource for the colour of polymers

  • Annalisa Di Roma Department of Dicar, Polytechnic University of Bari, Bari, Italy
  • Alessandra Scarcelli Department of Dicar, Polytechnic University of Bari, Bari, Italy
Keywords: Food waste, Organic colour, Bioresource, Sustainable product design, Digital manufacturing

Abstract

The paper proposes the results of the research carried out by the authors on the theme of sustainable product design starting from the material component. In this context, there is a significant link between bio-materials and their chromatic value, originated by the pigment of natural origin, which is mainly responsible for the aesthetic characterization of the product. To support this thesis, a methodological approach has been adopted, developed in two phases: the first is critical - analytical (desk) and identifies the framework of the research and the state of the art; the second is applicative - experimental (field) and proposes some original experiments that include both the definition of new polymeric materials, obtained by adding waste coffee and sea urchins, and the characterization of optical and chromatic qualities, also conducted through technical tests instrumental mechanical strength.

The results of the research arrive at hypotheses of mechanical and optical characterization, however the scalability of the results to the industry would require the use of appropriate instrumentation in the preparation phase of the materials (in this phase of study they were composed through an artisanal approach).

Author Biographies

Annalisa Di Roma, Department of Dicar, Polytechnic University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Annalisa Di Roma - Architect and PhD, she is As- sociate Professor in Industrial Design at the Polytechnic of Bari (Italy), specializing in Design and Digital Manufacturing. At the centre of her research interests is the contemporary material culture of design, focused on product innovation in the context of advanced industrial standards, with a focus on the sustainability of processes, products and materials. She is the Scientific Coordinator of the Design_Kind Laboratory.

Alessandra Scarcelli, Department of Dicar, Polytechnic University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Alessandra Scarcelli - Architect and PhD, she is a research fellow and adjunct Professor of Industrial Design at the Polytechnic of Bari (Italy). She is specialized in Lighting Design. The current research area combines the transversal areas of product design and information design, with particular reference to the socio-cultural aspects.

References

Alabaraoye E., Achillonu M., Hester R. (2017), Biopolymer (chitin) from Various Marine Seashell Wastes: Isolation and Characterization, Springer Science+Bussiness Media, LLC

Ball, P. (2003) Bright Earth: Art and the Invention of Color. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Brusatin, M. (1999) Storia dei colori. Milano: Einaudi.

Di Roma, A. and Scarcelli, A. (2017) ‘Forma e colore nei modelli parametrici’, MD Journal, vol. 3, pp. 114-127.

Di Roma, A., Scarcelli, A. and Minenna, V. (2019) ‘Restoned. Dalla polvere di scarto alla pietra sostenibile’, Agathón, n. 5, Palermo University Press, pp. 183-190.

Falcinelli, R. (2017) Cromorama. Come il colore ha cambiato il nostro sguardo. Milano: Einaudi.

Ferrara, M. (2012) Materiali e innovazione nel design. Hoepli. Kubler, G. (1976) La forma del tempo. Milano: Einaudi.

Rognoli, V. et al. (2015) ‘DIY Materials’, Materials and Design, 86

Scarcelli, A. (2017) ‘Il colore come elemento di progetto per una rinnovata manifattura made in Puglia, a partire dalle materie prime’, in Parisi, N. (ed) Il Parco delle eccellenze artigiane di Puglia. Un progetto per Ginosa. Bari: Adda Editore, pp. 57-59.

Published
2020-07-01
How to Cite
Di Roma, A. and Scarcelli, A. (2020) “Food waste: potential bioresource for the colour of polymers”, Cultura e Scienza del Colore - Color Culture and Science, 12(02), pp. 53-61. doi: 10.23738/CCSJ.120207.
Section
Papers