Archaeological digital anastylosis. From survey to lighting analysis

  • Lia Maria Papa DICEA, Università degli Studi di Napoli
  • Laura Bellia DII, Università degli Studi di Napoli
  • Pierpaolo D’Agostino DICEA, Università degli Studi di Napoli
  • Gennaro Spada DII, Università degli Studi di Napoli
  • Giuseppe Antuono DICEA, Università degli Studi di Napoli
Keywords: Survey, Three-dimensional simulation, Lighting analysis

Abstract

The operational context is that of the ancient city of Stabiae, today not fully known and scarcely appreciated, and in particular of the complex of Villa San Marco and its representative spaces, in which there are figurative apparatuses both in wall paintings of the peristyle and in the stuccoes of the exedra at the bottom of the pool. The aim is to analyze the artifact in relation to the perceptive characterization - qualitative and quantitative - of its external and internal spaces, documenting some stages, related to the most thorough investigations with the targeted use of laser scanning techniques, to the analysis of photometric and colorimetric characteristics, and to the perceptive study of decorative apparatuses. Precisely this artistic repertoire, is believed to have characterized the use of the environments and, to date, it connotes spatial qualities. The focus is mainly on the area of the nymphaeum, characterized by a swimming pool and a bottom-closing exedra: for the two larger sides it is defined by suggestive arcades with decorated walls in the IV Style in which a figurative solution is adopted to subsequent panels. On this environment, the diaetae appear on opposite sides. They show, despite the structural symmetry, disparity in the chromatic and figurative treatment, presumably due to the different destination: representation on the east side, a more “domestic” use than the one located on the west side. The intention to test the variation of the simulated perception, within a digital reconstruction process, required a preliminary survey campaign, both for the metric acquisition of the artefact and the contextual lighting characteristics. In this preliminary study on a cultural heritage artefact with its own historical past we have highlighted the need for a concerted, multidisciplinary effort; these partial results should ensure future developments.

Author Biographies

Lia Maria Papa, DICEA, Università degli Studi di Napoli

Lia Maria Papa - Full Professor of Design (SSD ICAR /17), at the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II. Scientific director of the ReMLab (Survey and Modeling Laboratory). Author of over 160 publications. Engaged in research projects and conventions. His scientific interests concern the urban representation, of the territory and of the landscape, the relief and the digital modeling, finalized to the knowledge, dissemination, recovery and valorization of the built and the cultural assets.

Laura Bellia, DII, Università degli Studi di Napoli

Laura Bellia - MSc, PhD is full professor of Lighting and Building Physics at the University of Naples Federico II, Italy. Her research's topics and interests include lighting, daylighting, smart lighting systems and automatic controls, lighting quality, visual comfort, glare, non-visual effects of lighting as circadian effects, LED sources. She leads national research programs about indoor lighting quality and daylight harvesting. She cooperates with European Universities both for research and students' exchange purposes.

Pierpaolo D’Agostino, DICEA, Università degli Studi di Napoli

Pierpaolo D’Agostino - Engineer, is associate professor at University of Naples Federico II, involved in investigations concerning design, survey and digital representation in architectural, urban and environmental issues. He is author of over forty scientific papers, many of which signed, often autonomously, in several national and international editorial publishers. He is also author of monographic work about, above all, solar shading design in architecture and railway stations.

Gennaro Spada, DII, Università degli Studi di Napoli

Gennaro Spada - MSc in Mechanical Engineering on 27/11/2000, PhD in Thermal-Mechanical Systems in 2004, his final dissertation dealt with videography applied to luminance measurements. At present he is technical responsible of the Photometry and Lighting Laboratory at the Department of Industrial Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II. He performs scientific and educational activities related to lighting.

Giuseppe Antuono, DICEA, Università degli Studi di Napoli

Giuseppe Antuono - Engineer, PhD in History, Design and Restoration of Architecture (XXX Ciclo, Curriculum Design, SSD ICAR/17), carries out research at the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering in the field of architectural survey and documentation complex of historical, urban and environmental interest, with integrated methodologies and with attention to the management and implementation of geographic information systems. Participate in national and international conferences with written contributions and communications.

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Published
2020-07-01
How to Cite
Papa, L. M., Bellia, L., D’Agostino, P., Spada, G. and Antuono, G. (2020) “Archaeological digital anastylosis. From survey to lighting analysis”, Cultura e Scienza del Colore - Color Culture and Science, 12(02), pp. 67-78. doi: 10.23738/CCSJ.120209.
Section
Papers