Interaction of color scheme and noise in the metro interior. Multisensory evaluation and subjective testing


  • Natalia Alekseeva PhD in Environmental Technical Physics
  • Alessandra Cirafici Department of Architecture and Industrial Design «Luigi Vanvitelli», The Second University of Naples
  • Vincenzo Paolo Senese Department of Psychology, The Second University of Naples


Color, lighting, visual perception, digital, design


In this paper the results of research, aimed at investigation of the acoustic comfort on board of urban transport systems are presented. A large segment of the research is devoted to the experimental analysis and evaluation of the interaction between the metro car interior color and noise perception, through the use of virtual reality and subjective tests. Several studies showed that vision and audition instead of being independent modalities interact in complex ways. The results of this research showed that, despite of expectations of the interaction of sound and colors impacts on personal judgments, evaluations given to the interior colors were influenced only by the color scheme. Sound environment perception was influenced only by the noise factor. [...]


H. Fastl. Psycho-Acoustics and sound quality. In J. Blauert (Ed.), Communication Acoustics (Chapter 6). Berlin: Springer, 2005;

A. E. J. Hardy. Measurement and assessment of noise within passenger trains. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 231(3), 2000, pp. 819-829;

S. Kuwano, S. Namba, T. Okamoto. Psychological evaluation of sound environment in a compartment of a high-speed train. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 227, 2004, pp. 491-500;

E. Parizet, N. Hamzaoui, J. Jacquemoud. Noise assessment in a high-speed train. Applied Acoustics, 63, 2002, pp. 1109-1124;

G. R Watts. A comparison of noise measures for assessing vehicle noisiness. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 180(3), 1995, pp. 493-512;

F. Frassinetti, N. Bolognini, E. Ladavas. Enhancement of visual perception by crossmodal visuo-auditory interaction. Experimental Brain Research, 147, 2002, 332- 343;

L. Shams, R. Kim. Crossmodal influences on visual perception. Physics of Life Review, 7, 2010, pp. 269-284;

D. H.Warren, T. J. McCarthy, Welch, R. B. Discrepancy and nondiscrepancy methods of assessing visual-auditory interaction. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 33(5), 1983, pp. 413- 419;

N. Alexeeva, M. Masullo, F. Ruotolo, V. P. Senese. Comparison of Audio-only and Audio-Video Approaches to Acoustic Discomfort Assessment in Public Transportation Systems. In proceedings of Forum Acusticum 2011, Aalborg, Denmark, 27 June-1 July 2011, P: 6;

D. Menzel, H. Fastl, R. Graf, J. Hellbrück. Influence of vehicle color on loudness judgments. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(5), 2008, pp. 2477- 2479;

E. Parizet, V. Koehl, Influence of Train Colour on Loudness Judgments. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Volume 97, Number 2, March/April 2011 , pp. 347-349(3);

T. Samara. Guida agli stili tipografici. Spunti per la scelta dei caratteri nella grafica e nel design. Il Castello srl, Trezzano sul Naviglio, 2006;

H. Fastl, E. Zwicker, Psychoacoustics. Facts and Models (3rd edition). Berlin, Germany: Springer Series in Information Sciences, 2007;

M. Bisson, C. Boeri, Variazioni sul colore, Franco Angeli, Milano,2006;

L. Luzzatto, R. Pampas, Il colore persuasivo, Il castello Milano, 2001;

L. Sivik, C. Taft, On studyng colour combinations : some reflexions and preliminary experiments, University of Goteborg, Psycolofical Reports Vol 19, 1989;

L. Sivik, C. Taft, Colour combinations and associated meanings: semantic dimension and color chords, University of Goteborg, Psycolofical Reports Vol 22, 1992.




How to Cite

Alekseeva, N., Cirafici, A. and Senese, V. P. (2015) “Interaction of color scheme and noise in the metro interior. Multisensory evaluation and subjective testing”, Cultura e Scienza del Colore - Color Culture and Science, 3, pp. 33–39. Available at: (Accessed: 17 January 2022).