Transmitted light imaging in VIS and IR, in the study of paintings: a brief report on the behavior of the main historical pigments
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the behavior of 50 historical pigments in the two spectrum ranges VIS and IR, by using transmitted light. For this study, pigments were bound with oil and were applied in several layers over underlying lines, drawn with different media. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the behavior of pigments in the two spectrum ranges, comparing visible and infrared photographs with the respective images taken with transmitted light. The main idea is to compare the optical properties of each pigment in visible (VIS), transmitted light (TL), infrared (IR) and infrared transmitted (IRT). This was achieved by assessing visible and infrared photographs in incident and in transmitted light. The ultimate goal is to understand aspects such as transparency and opacity as well as the ability to block light. Finally, the intention is to classify the pigments by their behavior noting their similarities and differences, considering the aforementioned factors. Since photographic techniques are very common in the study of painting, this study has been considered useful to classify patterns of behavior, which will allow greater systematization of these types of imaging.
Cardinali, M., De Ruggieri, B., Falucci, C. (2002) Diagnostica artistica. Tracce materiali per la storia dell’arte e per la conservazione, Roma: Palombi Editori.
Cosentino, A. (2014). 'Identification of pigments by multispectral imaging; a flowchart method'. Heritage Science, 2(1), 8, doi: 10.1186.
Cosentino, A. (2016) 'Infrared technical photography for art examination', e-Preservation Science, 13, p. 1-6.
Cucci, C., Picollo, M. and Vervat, M. (2012) 'Trans-illumination and trans- irradiation with digital cameras: Potentials and limits of two imaging techniques used for the diagnostic investigation of paintings', Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 13, p. 83-88, doi:10.1016/j.culher.2011.07.002
Doërner, M, (1998) Los materiales de la pintura y su empleo en el arte. BArcelona: Reverte
Dupont, F. (1977) 'Correspondence: transmitted infrared photography', Studies in Conservation, n. 22, p. 42-44.
Herrero-Cortell, M. A., Raïch, M., and Artoni, P. (2018) 'Multi-band technical imaging in the research of the execution of paintings. The case study of the portrait of Carlos IV, by Francisco de Goya,' Ge- conservación/conservação, vol 14, p. 5-15. doi: 10459.1/65860
Kushel, D. A. (1983) 'Applications of trasmitted infrared radiation to the examination of artifacts', Studies in Conservation, n. 30, p. 1-10. doi: 10.1179/sic.19220.127.116.11
Matteini, M. and Moles, A. (2001) Ciencia y Restauración. Método de Investigación, Guipúzcoa: Nerea.
Moutsatsou A., Skapoula D., and Doulgeridis M. (2011) ' The Contribution of Transmitted Infrared Imaging to Non-Invasive Study of Canvas Paintings at the National Gallery – Alexandros Soutzos Museum, Greece”, in E-Conservation magazine, 22, p. 53-61.
Poldi, G., & Villa, G. C. F. (2006). Dalla conservazione alla storia dell'arte: riflettografia e analisi non invasive per lo studio dei dipinti (Vol. 3). Pisa: Edizioni della Normale.
Riley, O. H. and Berger, G. A, (1971) 'New developments in the conservation of works of art', Art Journal n. 1, Vol. 31, p. 37-40. doi:: 10.1080/00043249.1971.10792967
Vervat, M., Vigna, A., Cucci, C. and Picollo, M. (2005). 'Il restauro del pascolo a Pietramala di Telemaco Signorini: un esempio di diagnostica su dipinti moderni con impiego della ripresa fotografica in transilluminazione', in Lo stato dell’Arte III: Atti di convegno IGIIC, Palermo, 2005, Firenze: Nardini, p. 84-89.
Copyright (c) 2014 Cultura e Scienza del Colore - Color Culture and Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The "Cultura e Scienza del Colore - Color Culture and Science" journal is registered at the Court of Milan at n.233 of 24.06.2014.
The journal is an open access journal, free for readers and authors and has joined ROAD, the Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources, since 2014. Articles published in the “Cultura e Scienza del Colore - Color Culture and Science" journal are open access articles, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).