The Start of the Rainbow
Possibilities of Color Motion Photography for the Amateur
Keywords:Color motion picture film, Amateur motion picture film, Additive color processes, Historical color processes
This paper provides a chronology and summary of amateur cinematography’s early color history. Drawing primarily on articles and advertisements in amateur movie makers' publications and the popular press in the United States and Europe, it summarizes the additive color motion picture processes, effects, and equipment available to amateur cinematographers in the 1920s and ‘30s. The paper concludes that while these additive processes might appear primitive and flawed in comparison to later processes and technologies, they are worthy of celebration and appreciation for their ingenuity and unique characteristics.
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Brock, G. (1933) ‘Artist Explains Hand Color Role’, Motion Picture News, March 1, p. 62
Brown, S. Color Films in Britain. The Negotiation of Innovation 1900-55. (ed. Sarah Street) Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 277
Dubray, J. (1933) ‘The Morgana Color Process”, Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, November, pp. 403-412
Gordon, M. (2013) ‘Lenticular Spectacles: Kodacolor’s Fit in the Amateur Arsenal’, Film History, pp. 36-61
Kerts, W. (1927) ‘Tinting Data’, Movie Makers, September, p. 16
Maxim, H. (1928) ‘Color Comes to the Amateur’, Movie Makers, September, pp. 567-71; 614-17
McKay, H. (1925) ‘The Laboratory’, Photo-Era, April 4, pp. 207-11
McKay, H. (1926) ‘The Amateur Kinematographer’, Photo Era, 5 May, p.285
McKay, H. (1929) ‘Vitacolor’, Photo Era, 4 April, p. 228
Oswald, C. (1928) ‘The End of the Rainbow – Possibilities of Color Motion Photography for the Amateur’, Movie Makers, January, pp.15; 56
s.n. (1927) ‘Your Motion Pictures in Color’, Amateur Movie Makers, December, p. 65
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s.n. (1933) ‘In Morgana Color’, The International Photographer, March, p.39
s.n. (1933) ‘Compte de Janze Doing Color Picture’, American Cinematographer, May, p.28
Stull, W. (1933) ‘Tinting and Toning 16mm Films’, American Cinematographer, May, pp. 18; 32
Weil, F. (1933) ‘The Optical Photographic Principles of the Agfacolor Process’, Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, April, pp. 301-08
Zingl, S. (2018) ‘91/2-mm barni film je tu!’, Kino!, May, Retrieved 2019 https://e-kino.si/clanki/9%c2%bd-mm-barvni-film-je-tu-barvna-senzacija-mrozovega-farbenfilma/
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